The Śākta tradition

“Hinduism cannot be understood without the Goddess (Devi/Śakti) and the goddess-oriented Śākta traditions. The Goddess pervades Hinduism at all levels, from aniconic village deities to high-caste pan-Hindu goddesses to esoteric, tantric goddesses. Furthermore, tantric goddesses have played a significant role in the formation of tantric Buddhism, or what is sometimes referred to as ‘Śākta Buddhism’. Nevertheless, these highly influential forms of South Asian religion have only recently begun to draw a broader scholarly attention. Taken together, they form ‘Śāktism’, which is considered one of the major branches of Hinduism next to Śaivism, Vaiṣṇavism and Smārtism. Śāktism is, however, less clearly defined than the other major branches and sometimes surprisingly difficult to discern from Śaivism in its tantric forms.”

The Śākta Traditions research programme, OCHS

Sakta traditions

The Śākta database

The Śākta database establishes the primary research material for Śākta traditions in South Asia as an emerging field of studies. It makes unknown material widely available and searchable for the first time and helps to preserve the cultural heritage of India and Nepal. Hindu and Buddhist manuscripts related to the Śākta Traditions research programme can be browsed below.

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Click the Name (transliteration) to see the manuscript in our OCHS Viewer. Hover over a cell to see all its information. Search within a column by typing in the box above it (diacritical marks are ignored: 'devanagari' will match 'Devanāgarī').

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